Siberian Huskies have a long and proud heritage being descended from the original Eskimo sled dogs which are recognized as being one of the oldest breed of working dog. These dogs were used by the Chukchi of Northeastern Asia to explore new ranges and hunt for food. During the early 20th century these dogs were imported to Alaska for use in the Nome gold rush and were sought after due to their resilience and strength. Since then they have been used for many different applications from exploring new grounds to being used by the U.S. army as search and rescue animals.
Specification of breed
As Huskies are a cold weather breed they have a very thick coat which is made up of two distinct layers: The undercoat and the longer topcoat. Because of this the breed is able to survive in temperatures as low as -76 degrees Fahrenheit. In hotter climates the undercoat can be shed to ensure the dog is comfortable. The breed is very muscular and active with distinctive facial markings and can grow up to 60 pounds with the females weighing in slightly smaller at up to 50 pounds. Siberian Huskies are very intelligent and pick up commands easily.
Due to the huskies thick coat a weekly grooming schedule is needed, Their coat should be fully brushed each week to prevent tangles from occurring but as the husky is a very clean breed of dog they should only need a wash once or twice per year (The best time being just after the annual undercoat shedding). The Husky is susceptible to catching fleas and so each grooming should be accompanied with a full flea inspection.
The husky is a very intelligent dog (45th most intelligent dog) and should be trained from a young age to accept commands as due to their intelligence they can become bored and misbehave if the training is not consistent. They are a very energetic breed and need lots of exercise, as a sled dog they love to run and as such need the space and freedom to run free. They are very gentle and affectionate seeing themselves as part of a pack rather than just a pet.
As the Siberian Husky is descended from working dogs any family should be prepared for a very energetic dog which needs lots of exercise and care. The breed can be susceptible to eye infections and defects including cataracts and retinal atrophy. Because the breed sheds its undercoat once per year they should not be considered for an owner who shows any allergic tendencies.
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